Portals of entry are the mucous membranes, non-intact skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary tracts, or a mechanism of introduction (percutaneous injury or invasive devices).
All of the microorganisms that can cause disease are capable of developing resistance to antibiotics and other drugs that are used to treat infections caused by these pathogens.
Patients who are infected with VISA or VRSA should be in a single room; Contact Precautions and Standard Precautions are required; staff education is recommended; minimize the number of staff caring for the patient; and flag the chart to alert staff of the situation.
Enterococcus is a gram-positive bacterium that is normal flora of the gastrointestinal tract and female genital tract.
These events are a causative organism, a reservoir for the organism, a means to exit the reservoir, a mode of transmission, a susceptible host, and a mode of entry into the host.
In New York, state rules and regulations define responsibility for compliance and consequences for non-compliance with infection control practices.
All licensed healthcare facilities are responsible for monitoring and enforcing proper use of infection control practices and Standard Precautions.
Exemptions may be granted because the professional has completed equivalent course work or because the nature of his or her practice does not require the use of infection control techniques or barrier precautions.
A written application for exemption from completion of this course work must be presented to the Department of Health for approval.